Palaces For The People
Tuesday, October 14, 2003
PLoS Biology: Editorial: "PLoS Biology�We're Open
Philip Bernstein , Barbara Cohen , Catriona MacCallum , Hemai Parthasarathy , Mark Patterson , Vivian Siegel
Published October 13, 2003
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0000034

Copyright: � 2003 Public Library of Science. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Public Library of Science Open-Access License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Welcome to PLoS Biology. We would like to introduce you to your journal, one that is run by and for the scientific community in the broadest sense: researchers, teachers, students, physicians, and the public.
One could argue whether scientists need more journals, but we believe there is a global need for greater access to scientific and medical information and that open-access journals can meet this need by removing subscription barriers to the written scientific record. As professional editors, each of us entered the publishing world from the research community with the desire to promote the effective communication and dissemination of science. Offered the opportunity to help spark the transition to open-access publishing by creating an open-access journal that would compete successfully with the most prestigious existing journals, we jumped at the chance.
What you see in this issue is the result of a collaborative effort among the founders, the journal's editorial board, and its professional editors. A glance at the table of contents and the list of outstanding scientists on our editorial board will give you a sense for the scope of the journal, which ranges from molecules to ecosystems and spans the experimental and theoretical disciplines that help to explain our biological world. We aim to publish original articles that address an important question, that challenge our assumptions, that drive science forward."

Public Library of Science:

"The Public Library of Science (PLoS) is a non-profit organization of scientists and physicians committed to making the world's scientific and medical literature a freely available public resource.
The internet and electronic publishing enable the creation of public libraries of science containing the full text and data of any published research article, available free of charge to anyone, anywhere in the world.
Immediate unrestricted access to scientific ideas, methods, results, and conclusions will speed the progress of science and medicine, and will more directly bring the benefits of research to the public.
To realize this potential, a new business model for scientific publishing is required that treats the costs of publication as the final integral step of the funding of a research project. To demonstrate that this publishing model will be successful for the publication of the very best research, PLoS will publish its own journals. PLoS Biology launched its first issue on October 13, 2003, in print and online. PLoS Medicine will follow in 2004.
PLoS is working with scientists, their societies, funding agencies, and other publishers to pursue our broader goal of ensuring an open-access home for every published article and to develop tools to make the literature useful to scientists and the public. "
Traffic overwhelms new online science journal | CNET

Traffic overwhelms new online science journal
Last modified: October 14, 2003, 5:57 PM PDT
By Alorie Gilbert
Staff Writer, CNET

A new online science journal aimed at changing the paradigm of scholarly publishing has proved so popular it's been mired in a crush of traffic since its Sunday night launch.

The inaugural issue of the journal, called the Public Library of Science Biology, is the first journal to be published by the Public Library of Science (PLoS), a San Francisco nonprofit that's backed by several highly regarded scientists who want to see scientific research freely distributed online.

Instead of charging subscription fees that cost thousands of dollars annually, as do many traditional scientific journals, PLoS charges authors $1,500 per published article. The fee covers peer review, editing and production, while allowing the public to freely access the research. The group wants to compete with established journals while slimming publishing costs and shortening peer-review cycles.

A statement on the site says the Web makes it possible "to make our treasury of scientific information available to a much wider audience, including millions of students, teachers, physicians, scientists, and other potential readers who do not have access to a research library that can afford to pay for journal subscriptions."

Not surprisingly, the free distribution model seems be going over well. Within the first eight hours of the journal's launch, traffic on the site spiked to more than half a million hits, said Nick Twyman, director of information technology and computer operations at PLoS. The traffic has overwhelmed the group's servers, causing PLoS to direct visitors to other sites, where they can access simplified versions of the journal. Twyman said he hopes to get the site up and running again by Wednesday.

"We always expected a lot of interest, but we're surprised by this response," Twyman said.

One reason the journal has generated so much attention is a report it contains about brain implants in monkeys that enable them to control a robotic arm with their thoughts.

PLoS, which plans to launch a medical journal next year, is focusing initially on biomedical literature. The group may eventually expand into other areas, such as computer science, Twyman said.

Leading scientists who are involved in PLoS include Dr. Harold Varmus, former director of the National Institutes of Health and now chief executive officer of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in New York, along with Dr. Patrick Brown of Stanford University, who co-founded the new journal.

Brown agreed with Twyman. "It was sort of a surpise," he said, "yet all along, we felt this is so obviously the way to go that I would say we never doubted it would be a success. If you have to have a problem, (too much traffic) is a good one to have."

Rolls-Royce sets Chinese goal

Rolls-Royce sets Chinese goal
( 2003-10-14 00:53) (China Daily)

Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Ltd, the world's top limousine manufacturer, expects to sell 50 vehicles on the Chinese mainland and in Hong Kong this year.

The figure will account for 25 per cent of the company's sales in the Asia-Pacific region, which ranges from Japan to India and from China to New Zealand, said Colin Kelly, regional director of its Asia-Pacific operations.

The regional sales will account for 20 per cent of the company's total annual output of about 1,000 vehicles worldwide, he said.

"The first thing for us in China is to establish our brand,'' Kelly told China Daily earlier this week when the company unveiled the new Rolls-Royce Phantom limousine and opened a display room in Beijing.

"We have done a lot on the new vehicle. It is totally different from the previous car. We now have a new design, new manufacturing plant, new work force and new dealers.''

The company was taken over at the beginning of the year by German luxury carmaker BMW AG from Volkswagen Group, Europe's biggest automaker which is based in Germany. Rolls-Royce's former ally, Bentley, is still controlled by Volkswagen.

The 6.7-litre Phantom will retail from between 5.45 million yuan (US$658,200) and 5.85 million yuan (US$706,500) on the Chinese mainland, according to the company.

"We believe the Rolls-Royce population in China will swell because more and more rich Chinese will be able to afford our vehicles as a result of the nation's steady economic growth,'' said John Wong, general manager of the company's Chinese mainland and Hong Kong operations.

At present, there are already around 50 Rolls-Royce limousines on the mainland and 1,000 in Hong Kong.

"Our major customers in China are upstart entrepreneurs of privately owned businesses,'' Wong said.

The company also has display rooms in Hong Kong, Shanghai and Guangzhou, capital of South China's Guangdong Province.

Rolls-Royce now has a maximum production capacity of 1,200 units a year. Its biggest single market is the United States.

Ecocity, EcoVillage: Palaces For The People
1985-1992 Architect, Biosphere 2 Project, Oracle Arizona. Directed all architecture and design development for Biosphere 2, a three acre habitat for ecological systems, including tropical rainforest, savannah, marsh, ocean, desert, agriculture, and human habitat biomes
See Photo of BIOSPHERE II made of Octet Trusses:
Read what a teaching, practicing architect (Phil Hawes, GEV.Inc.) has said about Palaces:

>>> Posting number 148
Date: Thu, 26 Jun 2003 22:50:07 +0300
Subject: Closing Remarks-Phil Hawes
From: Phil Hawes

"As far as specific projects are concerned, if our company financing proceeds as we expect, I hope to be able to integrate with Lion Kuntz¹s People¹s Palace project, and am considering how this might best be accomplished. My particular interest, other than his outstanding work on developing the overall People¹s Palace concepts, is in the photovoltaic breeder, and his micro-farming components. I believe that both of these should be an integral part of any real effort to create an ecological community, whatever size it may be. "

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