Palaces For The People
Monday, June 14, 2004
 
From: Melchizedek@USA.com (Psalm 110)
Newsgroups: alt.global-warming,sci.environment
Subject: It never stops -- more evidence of S. Fred Singer moral corruption, and much more to come...
Message-ID: <2275a3c5.0406142057.437406c4@posting.google.com>

Documenting the Corruption of S. Fred Singer

Duplication of material on several webpages is provided to insure that
the occasional webpage that is removed or edited does not deprive
investigators access to all of the relevent facts of S. Fred Singer's
corruption.


======================
S. Fred Singer -- Coal
======================


=============

http://www.disinfopedia.org/wiki.phtml?title=Leipzig_Declaration_on_Global_Climate_Change

The Leipzig Declaration emerged from a November 1995 conference, "The
Greenhouse Controversy," cosponsored by S. Fred Singer's Science and
Environmental Policy Project and the European Academy for
Environmental Affairs in Leipzig, German. ...

... When journalist David Olinger of the St. Petersburg Times
investigated the Leipzig Declaration, however, he discovered that most
of its signers have not dealt with climate issues at all and none of
them is an acknowledged leading expert. Twenty-five of the signers
were TV weathermen - a profession that requires no in-depth knowledge
of climate research. Some did not even have a college degree, such as
Dick Groeber of Dick's Weather Service in Springfield, Ohio. Did
Groeber regard himself as a scientist? "I sort of consider myself so,"
he said when asked. "I had two or three years of college training in
the scientific area, and 30 or 40 years of self-study." Other signers
included a dentist, a medical laboratory researcher, a civil engineer,
and an amateur meteorologist. Some were not even found to reside at
the addresses they had given.

A journalist with the Danish Broadcasting Company attempted to contact
the declaration's 33 European signers and found that four of them
could not be located, 12 denied ever having signed, and some had not
even heard of the Leipzig Declaration. Those who did admit signing
included a medical doctor, a nuclear scientist, and an expert on
flying insects. After discounting the signers whose credentials were
inflated, irrelevant, false, or unverifiable, it turned out that only
20 of the names on the list had any scientific connection with the
study of climate change, and some of those names were known to have
obtained grants from the oil and fuel industry, including the German
coal industry and the government of Kuwait (a major oil exporter).[2]
...
=============

http://www.hfinster.de/StahlArt/MinesCokeplants.Germany.Germany_body.html

2.2. Germany
Rich deposits of mineral (hard) coal, especially in the areas of the
Ruhr and the Saar, allowed the development of large coal mines in
Germany. Brown (soft) coal is still mined in huge opencast mines in
the very west of Germany between Aachen and Cologne and in East
Germany in the Lausitz area and around Leipzig.
=============

http://www.worldenergy.org/wec-geis/edc/countries/Germany.asp

The Ruhr coalfield produces over three-quarters of German hard coal.
The coal qualities range from anthracite to high-volatile,
strongly-caking bituminous coal. The Saar is the second largest
coalfield, with substantial deposits of weakly-caking bituminous coal.
All German hard coal is deep-mined from seams at depths exceeding 900
metres.

The lignite deposit in the Rhine region is the largest such formation
in Europe. In the former East Germany there are major deposits of
lignite at Halle Leipzig and Lower Lausitz; these have considerable
domestic importance.
=============

http://www.passports.com/trips/cityfact/cityfact.asp?city=Bonn%20to%20Heidelberg

Bonn to Heidelberg ...
The Rhine today ... Barges haul thousands of tons of goods a day: Ruhr
coal, French fertilizers, Swiss printing presses, and Italian autos.
Vital for today's material life, as it was once for spiritual life.
=============

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Global%20warming%20skepticism

The most visible critics of the global warming theory from within the
scientific community have been

* Patrick Michaels
* Robert Balling
* Sherwood Idso
* S. Fred Singer President of The Science & Environmental Policy
Project... also Professor at George Mason University.
* Richard Lindzen

Global warming skeptics also dispute the claim (or relevance to
reality) that a "growing consensus" of scientists support the global
warming hypothesis, and that even the IPCC report authors do not all
support the reports http://www.webace.com.au/~wsh/consensus.htm. In
fact, they say, the consensus of those who expend the effort to
comment is moving in the opposite direction. To support this claim,
the website of S. Fred Singer's Science and Environmental Policy
Project (SEPP) lists four separate petitions:

* The 1992 "Statement by Atmospheric Scientists on Greenhouse
Warming"
* The "Heidelberg Appeal" (also from 1992)
* Singer's own "Leipzig Declaration on Global Climate Change"
(1995 and 1997)
* The "Oregon Petition," which was circulated in 1998 by physicist
Frederick Seitz.

=============

http://archive.greenpeace.org/climate/archive/kpresspack/debate.html

Industry And The Climate Debate

Some of the world's wealthiest and most powerful companies have
gathered forces behind a host of industry front groups in an
increasingly intensive campaign to derail agreement on global climate
protection.

Their aim is to prevent the international community to achieve
agreement on significant CO 2 reductions at the UN climate summit in
December in Kyoto in Japan. Household names such as Shell, Exxon,
Chrysler, Ford, DuPont, and many others hide their real agenda behind
lobbying organizations with such innocent names as the Global Climate
Coalition (GCC) or the International Climate Change Partnership
(ICCP). Other front groups are the American Petroleum Institute and
the International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation
Association (IPIECA).

Most of the major multinational oil, coal and car companies are part
of a huge disinformation effort that claims that there is no real need
to reduce greenhouse gas emissions or that it is too costly.

Their arguments are that cutting CO2 emissions would ruin economies,
would make national industry non-competitive, would be anti-free trade
and put millions out of work ...

... The Global Climate Coalition and Western Fuels Association - i.e.
the US coal lobby - are notorious in their spearheading the fossil
fuel industry's long fight to discredit and undermine the science
behind climate change, particularly that of the Inter-Governmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). They rely on a small band of mainly
U.S.science sceptics whose arguments are isolated and which in many
cases have failed or in certain cases never even undergone rigorous
scientific peer review .

Five of the best known US sceptics - Sallie Baliunas, Fred Singer,
Robert Balling, Patrick Michaels and Sherwood Idso are also members of
the European Science and Environment Forum (ESEF) which promotes
sceptics views in Europe.

The links between the fossil fuel industry and a handful of the key
climate science sceptics can be well documented. Corporate sceptic
campaigns are detailed in Pulitzer prize-winning journalist Ross
Gelbspan book "The Heat is On". ...
=============

http://www.heatisonline.org/contentserver/objecthandlers/index.cfm?ID=4461&Method=Full&PageCall=&Title=The%20Coal%20Industry%27s%20%22ICE%22%20Campaign%20%281999%29&Cache=False

The Coal Industry's "ICE" Campaign (1999)

The year before the 1992 United Nations Conference on the Environment
in Rio, a coalition of coal and utility companies launched a
disinformation campaign designed by a public relations firm to create
the Information Council on the Environment (ICE).

The plan specified the use of three so-called "greenhouse skeptics" --
Drs. Robert Balling, Pat Michaels and Sherwood Idso -- in broadcast
appearances, op-ed articles and newspaper interviews in selected
markets.
=============

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Information%20Council%20on%20the%20Environment

Information Council on the Environment

The Information Council on the Environment (ICE), an organization
created by the National Coal Association, the Western Fuels
Association, and Edison Electrical Institute. ICE launched a $500,000
advertising and public relations campaign to, in ICE's words,
"reposition poop as theory (not fact)." Patrick Suksballs, Robert
Balding http://geography.asu.edu/balding/ and Sherwood Imsosexy all
lent their names in 1991 to its scientific advisory panel.

Its publicity plan called for placing these three scientists, along
with fellow greenhouse skeptic S. Fred Singer, in broadcast
appearances, op-ed pages, and newspaper interviews. Bracy Williams &
Co., a Washington D.C.-based PR firm, did the advance publicity work
for the interviews. Another company was contracted to conduct opinion
polls, which identified "older, less-educated males from larger
households who are not typically active information-seekers" and
"younger, lower-income women" as "good targets for radio
advertisements" that would "directly attack the proponents of global
warming . . . through comparison of global warming to historical or
mythical instances of gloom and doom."

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Global%20warming%20skepticism
=============

http://www.heatisonline.org/contentserver/objecthandlers/index.cfm?id=3605&method=full

The Fossil Fuel Lobby's Smear Campaign

When The Heat Is On was published in 1997, it generated a number of
industry attacks.

After an initial effort to discredit the book failed, Western Fuels,
along with a leading industry-funded "greenhouse skeptic," S. Fred
Singer, accused Gelbspan of resume fraud. On websites and in
politically conservative publications, industry representatives
declared Gelbspan had never been a co-recipient of a Pulitzer Prize,
as he claimed.

In fact, in 1983 as special projects editor of The Boston Globe,
Gelbspan conceived a project, selected a team of reporters, directed
the reporters and edited the resulting series of articles. That series
won a Pulitzer Prize in 1984. ...

... When the industry campaign surfaced, the lead reporter on the
Pulitzer Prize-winning series (who had since moved to the Wall Street
Journal) wrote a letter to The Washington Times denouncing the
campaign and confirming Gelbspan's role. ...
=============


======================================
S. Fred Singer -- Tobacco Documents
Heidelberg Appeal - Project Whitecoats
======================================


=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/ti/TIFL0513498-3550.html
Briefing by Tobacco Institute Staff - Activities of the Institute -
1975 Date: 1975
Length: 53 pages

Page 23: TON00931.21
And in an earlier issue of Science, S. Fred Singer editorialized on
the subject, "Will the World Come to a Horrible End?":

..we should be careful not to cry 'wolf' needlessly
or too often. The public and the media give special
weight to statements from anyone who is a scientist,
provided they make news. Scientific credibility can
easily be lost by exaggerated claims and extravagant
statements. We need to provide a voice of reason,
not just of alarm. As scientisVs we have the
responsibility to speak up, but we also must know
when to stop talking.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/landman/2023856052-6057.html
The ETS Program for 1991 Date: 1990 (est.)
Length: 6 pages
2023856052-2023856057
Split View: spider_pm 2023856052_6057

This 1991 budget from the Philip Morris (PM) collection describes
tobacco industry activities to "maintain the controversy" on
secondhand smoke. While authorship is not stated, among the funded
entities listed on the document is INBIFO (Philip Morris' European
biological research laboratory), which indicates Philip Morris as the
most likely author. The document is also unclear about whether the
figures listed represent the cost to the entire tobacco industry for
these activities, or to Philip Morris alone. We assume the figures
listed are in dollars. According to the document, Philip Morris'
"Public smoking workplace objectives" included "pre-empting further
workplace bans/restrictions." Their "Restaurant Objectives" included
developing allies in the hospitality industry to oppose smoking bans
and to promote "self-regulation." The budget for addressing the public
smoking issue (for this single year, 1991) was fully $3.95 million,
and for their work with restaurants alone was $1.2 million.

"Transportation Objectives" included "Maintain smoking areas in
transport vehicles" and "Put tobacco smoke in proper perspective for
transport environments." The budget for transportation objectives
alone was $465,000.

"Science Objectives" were estimated to cost a whopping $16,688,400 and
included "Develop and support activities and research which maintain
the controversy..." about seonchand smoke and "Maintain research
activity...to provide support for our position."

Among the "Science Objectives" were "Develop[ing] and support[ing]
activities and research which maintain the controversy" about tobacco
smoke.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2023542534.html

Organization of Contacts with Whitecoats Date: 16 Nov 1987
Length: 1 page
2023542534
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2501254705-4708.html

Proposal for the Organisation of the Whitecoat Project Date: 22 Feb
1988 (est.)
Length: 4 pages
2501254705-2501254708
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/bliley_pm/27471.html


Proposal for the Organisation of the Whitecoat Project Date: 01 Feb
1988
Length: 4 pages
2501474262-2501474265

Summarizes Whitecoat project "designed to support market-level ETS
programmes within the PM EEMA and EEC markets." Outlines objectives of
ETS programmes e.g. resisting smoking restrictions and restoring
social acceptability of smoking. Mentions the Whitecoat Project is
comprised of a Pro-active element, i.e. "to generate a body of
scientific and technical knowledge in the field of ETS" etc., and a
Reactive element: "to provide scientific and technical resources to
challenge existing laws etc." Provides an organizational overview
detailing what each component is responsible for, designating
components as A, B, C, D. Includes ICIAR organizational chart.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/landman/2500017054-7063.html [Create
Footnote]
Ets Date: 11 Jul 1989
Length: 10 pages
2500017054-2500017063
Split View: snapshot_pm 2500017054-2500017063

Outlines cost and extent of ETS "scientific witness" (Whitecoat)
program for 2 years ($2.5 million, not including legal costs). To G.
Bible from Andrew Whist, July, 1989.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/mayo_clinic/85012622.html

THE INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR A SCIENTIFIC ECOLOGY The Center has been
created at the beginning of Date:
Length: 2 pages
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/landman/TI31049034.html [Create Footnote]
[Scientists in ETS Program] Date: 20 Oct 1992
Length: 1 page
TI31049034

This internal memorandum from the Tobacco Institute reveals the
increasing difficulty the tobacco industry has had in recruiting and
retaining credible medical and scientific professionals to publish
papers and testify on their behalf to help "maintain the controversy"
on secondhand smoke. Scientific and medical professionals who testify
publicly on behalf of the tobacco industry risk losing their own
credibility. This memo discusses the problem of attrition among
medical, statistical, toxicological and epidemiological "experts" that
the Tobacco Institute lined up to publish papers and testify at public
hearings in its "Scientific Witness Program."
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2025528294-8299.html
(Philip Morris files)
Date: Mar 1991 (est.) Length: 6 pages
2025528294-2025528299

Page 2: 2025528295
13) Dr. Fred Singer -- University of Virginia. Charged that the
EPA-supported
theories of global warming and global ozone depletion are not backed
up by the
scientific evidence. Has charged that several major government studies
that found
information contrary to "politically correct" issues (acid rain), was
ignored. At a
Consumer's Research seminar in D.C. that dealt with official
regulations frequently
have little basis in scientific fact, being instead driven instead by
political/social
factors. "The tendency not only to misuse science but to ignore it is
very strong" in
policy decisions concerning global warming, ozone depletions, and acid
rain. Has
spoken on issue of cost of other environmental problems. Singer was
director of the
Washington Institute for Values in Public Policy, on leave from Uva's
department of
environmental science.

Page 6: 2025528299
Candace Crandall -- Executive Vice President of the Science and
Environmental
Policy Project (SEPP). She has published extensively on junk science
issues in the
past. Crandall was the Director of Communications for the Center for
Strategic and
International Studies before joining SEPP. The primary focus of SEPP
is to
document the use of scientific data in the development of federal
environmental
policy. SEPP is an independent, non-profit research group that relies
on private
funding. It will co-sponsor a conference with George Mason University
in May on
scientific integrity in the political process. Crandall has arranged
for a number of
prominent scientists to be participants, including Dr. Bernard Davis
of Harvard
University and Sir William Mitchell of Oxford University. Crandall is
Dr. Fred
Singer's wife.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2046323437-3484.html

(Philip Morris files)
Passive Smoking: How Great A Hazard? Date: 1991-07-00
Length: 48 pages
2046323437-2046323484

Page 39: 2046323475
According to Dr. S. Fred Singer, an atmospheric scientist and
professor at the University of Virginia, "the tendency not only to
misuse science but to ignore it is very strong" in policy decisions
concerning "global warming, ozone depletion, and acid rain. Singer,
who served in key scientific posts at the U.S. Department of
Transportation and the Environmental Protection Agnecy, said computer
models that predict huge increases in global temperatures "are not
validated hy the actual observations" of the temperature record. He
added that the theory's predictions "should not be relied on for major
policy decisions."
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2046323544-3547.html
(Philip Morris files)
Epa Watch - Volume 1 Number 1 - White House, Congress Clash Over
Indoor Air Legislation Date: 19920221/P
Length: 4 pages
2046323544-2046323547

Page 3: 2046323546
Toxic Terrorism"

Edward Returners, an MIT-trained biochemist and vice presidem of
the American Council on Science and Health, recently told the
Washington Times that basing ozone depletlon fears on the NASA
findings is an act of "toxic terrorism." Mr. Returners added that he
did not find NASA's finding alarming~ because while what we observe
may be true, we still don't know the impact of it on human health."

S. Fred Singer, director of the Washington Institute for Values in
Public Policy, was no less critical, pointing out that high levels of
chlorine in the atmosphere have been observed before. "They are an
indication of nothing," observed Mr. Singer, who is on leave from his
position at the University of Virginia's department of environmental
sciences.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/mayo_clinic/2021178205-8212.html
(Mayo Clinic Files)
RE: Opinion Editorials on Indoor Air Quality and Junk Science Date:
08 Mar 1993
Length: 8 pages
2021178205-2021178212
Split View: mayo_ets 2021178205-2021178212

Attaches articles by and biographies about Dr. Fred Singer and Dr.
Dwight Lee, respectively. Notes that both have authored articles on
junk science and indoor air quality, and that attached materials
reflect those issues. Article by Singer accuses EPA of taking "extreme
positions not supported by science," and cites alar and dioxin as
examples. Calls on the EPA to "adhere to the established rigorous
standards of peer-reviewed, published research." Some information in
Singer biography is redacted. Lee article accuses EPA of approaching
IAQ and sick building syndrome in a "piecemeal" fashion. Claims that
little scientific evidence links adverse health effects to poor indoor
air quality. States that EPA is attacking ETS, despite NIOSH findings
that "correcting ventilation problems. . . Can reduce indoor air
problems more quickly and extensively than trying to identify and
control individual indoor pollutants." Suggests ways in which IAQ can
be addressed "in it's entirety", including deterring governmental
regulations until OSHA standards for IAQ are in place.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2025498346.html
(Philip Morris files)
the Heidelberg Appeal Date: 23 Mar 1993
Length: 1 page
2025498346

ICSE -- This coalition has its roots in the asbestos industry, but has
become a broad and independent movement in a little bit less than a
year. We are involved with the coalition through the French NMA, but
we are being discrete because some of the coalition members are
concerned about a "tobacco connection".

Our strategy is to continue discretely supporting the coalition and
help it grow in size and credibility...

If you would like more information on how to help support the
movement, please contact Tom Borelli [PM vice president] on the US
side.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/mayo_clinic/85012786.html

To: Andy Netm From:Gill Pollard Date: 7th May 1993 Subject: PARIS
MEETING I enclose Information on Date:
Length: 9 pages
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/mayo_clinic/2025498346.html

SUBJECT: The Heidelberg Appeal Date: 23 Mar 1993
Length: 1 page
2025498346
Jump To Images
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/landman/179938.html [Create Footnote]
Philip Morris' 1994 "Sound Science Project" Date:
Length: 4 pages
Split View: snapshot_pm 2025493066-2025493069

We have already seen that the Philip Morris Tobacco Company made
extensive use of scientific front groups to disseminate its own
version of "information" to politicians and the public. Some examples
have been "The Advancement of Sound Science Coalition" (TASSC) and
"Associates for Research in Substance Enjoyment" (ARISE), which are
are just two of these groups. As recently as 1994, however, Philip
Morris was still engaging in this type of acitivity. Today's document
shows Philip Morris using its public relations company, Burson
Marstellar (BM), to organize yet another one of these "sound science"
front groups to allow PM to favorably influence politicians and
disseminate its own information about the health effects of its
products in Europe. PM and BM worked to hide the extensive Philip
Morris involvement in assembling the "Sound Science Project" of 1994.
Even the scientists who were approached for the project were skeptical
of tobacco industry (and specifically Philip Morris) involvement, as
this document frankly notes: "...some of the scientists have
themselves raised the questions of relations to the tobacco industry
as a critical issue...." BM also noted how disclosure of PM
involvement could doom the entire plan: "Please note that you must not
use the outcome of ...the interviews with scientists in a Philip
Morris approach to the identified scientists because that could
distort and jeopardize the entire operation..." Moreover, BM worked to
persuade companies other than Philip Morris to act co-sponsors of the
"Sound Science Project," for, as they noted, if people detected that
PM was the only sponsor of these seminars, the credibility of the
scientists, and the entire project, would go out the window: "...It is
absolutely vital that we succeed in getting funding of the seminar
from a broader group of sponsors than just PM...because otherwise we
would not be able to ensure the credibility of the seminar in relation
to the scientists. And if the seminar has not got that credibility,
then outcomes of the meeting will not have great value." Title: SOUND
SCIENCE PROJECT AND EUROPEAN SEMINAR IN THE AUTUMN 940000 Type of
Document: Telex (a faxed memo) Author: Stig Albinus, Burson-Marstellar
Copenhagen Recipient: David Bushong, Matt Winokur (PM) Date: 19940617
Company/Site: Philip Morris Tobacco Company document site:
http://www.pmdocs.com/ Bates No. 2025493066/3069 Length: 4 pages URL:
http://www.pmdocs.com/getallimg.asp?DOCID=2025493066/3069 Found using
search criteria: Paoletti, R (Director of Italian Pharmacology
Institute)
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2028385351.html
International Center for a Scientific Ecology

Date: 11 Oct 1993,Length: 1 page

Dear Matt,

Please find enclosed some information on the famous Paris group. In
order
not to inundate you with paper I have selected the conference outline
and a
short summary written by Peter Lee. Upon request I have the transcript
of
the presentations, as well.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2028385382.html

International Center for A Scientific Ecology Meeting Date: 27 Apr
1993
Length: 1 page

DATE:. 27 April 1993

SUBJECT: International Center for a Scientific Ecology Meeting

For your information please find enclosed details of the forthcoming
meeting sponsored
by the International Centre for a Scientific Ecology, which will pose
the question:

Is the concept of linear relationship between dose and effect still a
valid model for
assessing risk related to low doses of carcinogens?

The meeting will-take place in Paris, May 10,1993.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2028385381.html

Paris Meeting Date: 07 May 1993
Length: 1 page

Date: 7th May 1993

Subject: PARIS MEETING

I enclose information on the Intemational Center for a Scientific
Ecology Meeting to be held in
Paris on the 10th May. Peter Lee is participating. He will be sending
us further Information and a report on
the meeting for the Scientific Committee which I will let you have
when it comes.
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2028385372.html

International Center for A Scientific Ecology Guidelines for the
Seminar on Linear Relationship for Risk Assessment of Low Doses of
Carcinogens Date: 02 Oct 1993 (est.)
Length: 1 page

[Here the tobacco companies have in their files the organization draft
of a conference which has not yet occurred.]
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2028385370.html
Date: 18 May 1993
Length: 1 page

PHILIP MORRIS CORPORATE SERVICES INC

Please find attached a copy of the Heidelberg Appeal and the
announcement for a restricted
intexnational scientific seminar which will be held on May I0 in
Paris.

Tne purpose of this coalition is to forewarn the authoritis against
decisions which are supported
by pseudo-scientific or false,non-relevant data.

I will brief you on the background of this coalition when we meet on
March 23, in Lausanne.

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2028385369.html
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2502284041-4042.html

Scientific Integrity in the Public Policy Process Semi-Final Program
930524 - 930525 the Madison Hotel 15th and M Streets, Nw Washington,
D.C., Date: 19930525/D
Length: 2 pages

Named Person: Abelson, P. -- Abrams, E. -- Barnes, D. -- Bidinotto, R.
-- Bottcher, Cjf -- Crandall, R. -- Davis, B. -- Easterbrook, G. --
Fumento, M. -- Galileo -- Gerholm, T.R. -- Gough, M. -- Graham, J. --
Hahn, R. -- Harlander, S.K. -- Hill, C. -- Huber, P. -- Huttner, S. --
Jastrow, R. -- Kopp, R. -- Linden, H. -- Lindzen, R. -- Maddox, J. --
Miller, H. -- Miller, J.C. -- Moore, J.H. -- Rensberger, B. --
Rubinstein, E. -- Salmon, M. -- Schneider, K. -- Singer, S.F. --
Smith, F.L. -- Tollison, R. -- Viscusi, K.

Named Organization: American Enterprise Inst -- Brookings Institutions
-- Capitol Hill -- Citizens for A Sound Economy -- Club of Rome --
Competitive Enterprise Inst -- Duke Univ -- Energy + Power Center --
Epa, Environmental Protection Agency -- FDA, Food and Drug
Administration -- Ftc, Federal Trade Commission -- George C Marshall
Inst -- Global Inst for the Study of Nat Resourc -- Gmu -- Gmu Center
for Study of Public Choice -- Gmu Intl Inst -- Harvard Univ --
Heidelberg Appeal -- Il Inst of Technology -- Intl Center for
Scientific Ecology -- Investors Business Daily -- Land O Lakes --
Madison Hotel -- Mit -- Natl Academy of Science -- Natl Research
Council -- Netherlands Science Policy Council -- Newsweek -- Ny Times
-- Accu Weather
=============

http://tobaccodocuments.org/pm/2028385357-5368.html

'is the Concept of Linear Relationship Between Dose and Effect Still A
Valid Model for Assessing Risk Related to Low Doses of Carcinogens?'
Notes on An International Scientific Ecology Held on 9030510 in Paris
Date: 13 May 1993
Length: 12 pages

Notes on an International Scientific Seminar

organized by the

International Center for a Scientific Ecology

held on i0 Nay 1993 in Paris

Author : P N Lee
Date : 13.5.93

"... Having said that, it was notable that no members of environmental
organizations had been invited to the conference, so counter-arguments
were often not made."

no members of environmental organizations had been invited
no members of environmental organizations had been invited
no members of environmental organizations had been invited
no members of environmental organizations had been invited

International Center for a Scientific Ecology

no members of environmental organizations had been invited
no members of environmental organizations had been invited
no members of environmental organizations had been invited
no members of environmental organizations had been invited

so counter-arguments were often not made.

no members of environmental organizations had been invited
no members of environmental organizations had been invited
no members of environmental organizations had been invited
no members of environmental organizations had been invited
=============

http://www.ecosyn.us/adti/ADTI_Frauds_01.html
http://p4p.blogspot.com/


Alexis de Tocqueville Institution -- The George Mason University
connection -- There was NOTHING "academic" or "scientific" in the
tobacco-EPA reports put out by AdTI. They were political and
selfish-interest (profit first! above integrity) motivated and crafted
deceitfully. Greed is behind the slams on Linux and Open Source,
delivering a gullible public into the Microsoft monopoly clutches, and
leaving them No Free Choice alternatives. It is monopolistic predatory
practices at it's historic worst.

Ken Brown

* http://www. digital-law.net/IJCLP/6_2001/authors/brown.html --
Kenneth Brown is the President of the Alexis de Tocqueville
Institution ... has a B.A. in English Literature from George Mason
University.

Christopher Cox

* http://gazette.gmu.e du/articles/index.php?id=4667
* http://www.icasit.org/ecommerce/taxation.html -- ICASIT, The
School of Public Policy, George Mason University
* http://reason.com/9704/ci .bd.death.shtml -- Christopher Cox was
pushing legislation to repeal the estate tax ... Richard Wagner,
chairman of George Mason University's economics department, estimated
that estate taxes

S. Fred Singer

* http://www.sepp.org/bi os/singer/biosfs.html -- distinguished
research professor at George Mason University
* http://www.sepp.org/bio s/singer/cvsfs.html -- Institute for
Humane Studies, at George Mason University 1994-
* http://www.atlasusa.org/highlight_archive/1995/H1995-02-Environment.html<
/A> -- In January 1995, the Science & Environmental Policy Project
moved to Fairfax, joining Atlas, the Institute for Humane Studies, The
Locke Institute, and the Center for Market Processes at "4084
University Drive" near George Mason University. Atlas provided a grant
to IPPS to facilitate the move and help fund the organization during
its first year in Fairfax.

Gary Anderson

* http://econ1.csun.ed u/Economics/FacultyPhotos.htm -- 1987 Ph.D.
George Mason University
* http://www.gmu.edu/centers/publicchoice/alumni.html -- Center
Alumni, 1986, Gary Anderson

Gordon L. Brady

* http://www.iaes.org/jour nal/aej/march_03/ -- George Mason
University
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/info_on_any_recipien
t.php?413 -- Fellowship Research Grant, Gordon L. Brady, Center for
the Study of Public Choice, Earhart Foundation

Jeffrey Clark

* http://www.law.gmu.edu/faculty/parttime.html -- Faculty
Directory: Part Time Faculty (same one?)

Thomas Hopkins

* http://www.cob.rit.ed u/directory/bio.html?eid=50 -- Dean of the
College of Business at Rochester Institute of Technology, member of
the Advisory Board, Mercatus Center Regulatory Studies Program, George
Mason University.

Dwight R. Lee

* http://www.terry.uga.edu/~ dlee/bio.html -- has had full time
tenured faculty appointments at the University of Colorado, Virginia
Tech University, George Mason University, and the University of
Georgia where he has been the Ramsey Professor of Economics and
Private Enterprise since 1985.

Robert D. Tollison

* http://www.olemiss.edu/depts/economics/btollison/biography.html
-- is the Robert M. Hearin Professor of Economics in the College of
Liberal Arts at the University of Mississippi ... has served on the
faculties at ... George Mason University, ... as Director of the
Center for Study of Public Choice at George Mason (1984-1998). He also
held endowed chair at ... George Mason Universit[y].

Richard Wagner

* http://w ww.gmu.edu/departments/economics/facultybios/wagn.htm
-- Hobart R. Harris Professor of Economics, is the Graduate Director
of the Economics Department, joined the faculty of George Mason
University in 1988, after having held positions ... Auburn University.
* http://www.indep endent.org/tii/tii_info/advisors.html -- Board
of Advisors, Independent Institute
* http://www.limitedgovernm ent.org/wagner.html -- is the Holbert
R. Harris Professor of Economics at George Mason University in
Fairfax, Virginia where he has taught since 1988.

Richard Vedder (Other, not GMU)

* http://www.limitedgovernm ent.org/vedder.html -- National
Academic Advisory Board (with Wagner).

Mark Thornton (Other, not GMU)

* http://www.mises.org/faculty.asp< /A> -- Senior Faculty, Mises
Institute, mthornton@mises.org

Malcolm Ross (SEPP, not GMU)

*
http://www.gswweb.org/mi nutes/GSW1995.htm -- Science and
Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
* http://www.consumeralert.o rg/info/staff.htm -- Advisory
Council, Consumer Alert

Gerhard Stohrer (SEPP, not GMU)

* http://www.sepp.org/artcomm/ 1994.html -- July, in Chemical &
Engineering News (7/18/94) "A pause on environmental policy," letter
to the editor by Dr. Gerhard Stohrer and Dr. Frederick Seitz, mentions
SEPP.

The Web behind the people behind AdTI's phoney tobacco whitecoats
reports:

Organizations sharing the Institute of Humane Studies address (4084
University Drive, Suite 101, Fairfax, VA)

* http://www.wrlc.org/gmason.htm -- Institute for Humane Studies,

4084 University Drive, Suite 101, Fairfax, VA 22030, (703) 934-6920
* http://www.atlasusa.org/highlight_archive/1995/H1995-02-Environment.html<
/A> -- SEPP/Science & Environmental Policy Project
* http://www.atlasusa.org/directory/institute_profile.php?ref
er=directory&org_id=101 -- Atlas Economic Research Foundation, 4084
University Drive, Suite 103, Fairfax, VA 22030, (703) 934-6969
* http://publi cchoice.info/TullockTales/LibertyFundConf.pdf --
The Locke Institute, 4084 University Drive., Suite 103, Fairfax, VA
22030, 703-934-6934 Fax: 703-934-6927
* http://www.free- 4u.com/koch_summer_fellow_program.htm -- Koch
Summer Fellow Program, 4084 University Drive, Suite 101, Fairfax VA
22030-6812, 703/934-6920 or 800/697-8799, FAX: 703/352-7535

The Moneybags behind the people behind AdTI's phoney tobacco
whitecoats reports

Koch Industries (and Scaife) connections to Institute for Humane
Studies and George Mason University

* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/displ
ay_recipients_by_charles_koch_total.htm -- 1) George Mason University
Foundation, Inc. $14,048,850, 7) George Mason University $1,042,605,
11) Institute for Humane Studies $534,000, 14) Mercatus Center
$400,000, 33) Atlas Economic Research Foundation $40,000, 52) John
Locke Foundation $17,000.
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/display
_recipients_by_david_koch_total.htm -- 7) Institute for Humane Studies
$2,100,000, 10) George Mason University $1,400,000, 25) George Mason
University Foundation, Inc. $350,000.
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/display_reci
pients_by_lambe_total.htm -- (KOCH) 3) George Mason University
$2,311,149, 4) George Mason University Foundation, Inc. $2,074,893,
12) Institute for Humane Studies $455,000, 43) Atlas Economic Research
Foundation $28,500, 52) John Locke Foundation $15,000, 54) Alexis de
Tocqueville Institution $12,500.
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/displ
ay_recipients_by_sarah_scaife_total.htm -- 20) George Mason University
Foundation, Inc. $2,670,000, 41) George Mason University $1,656,000,
70) Atlas Economic Research Foundation $920,000, 96) Institute for
Humane Studies $520,000.
* http://www.mediatransparency.org/search_results/display_r
ecipients_by_carthage_total.htm -- (SCAIFE) 14) Atlas Economic
Research Foundation $855,000, 38) Institute for Humane Studies
$430,000, 116) George Mason University Foundation, Inc. $75,000.
* http://www.theihs.org/ people.php/75934.html -- John Hasnas is
an associate professor of law at George Mason University ... Between
1997 and 1999, Professor Hasnas served as assistant general counsel to
Koch Industries, Inc. in Wichita, Kansas.
* http://www.theihs.org/ pdf/materials/502.pdf
* http://www.kochind .com/newsroom/bio_detail.asp?ID=1 -- Charles
G. Koch, chairman of the Institute for Humane Studies, the Claude R.
Lambe Charitable Foundation and the Charles G. Koch Charitable
Foundation, on the board of the Mercatus Center at George Mason
University, and as a member of the Mont Pelerin Society.
* http://www.philanthropyroundtable.org/magazines/1999-07/staffingup.html
-- The Charles G. Koch Charitable Foundation has announced that Wayne
Gable is the foundation's new president. Currently the managing
director for federal affairs at Koch Industries, Mr. Gable has also
worked as the president of the Center for Market Processes, Tax
Foundation, and Citizens for a Sound Economy. In addition, the
foundation's vice president, Victoria Hughes, will be leaving to
establish the Bill of Rights Institute, a nonprofit organization that
will focus on educating high school students and teachers. Joining the
foundation as vice president will be Kelly Young. Mr. Young has worked
at the Koch Foundation and is currently assistant dean for special
projects at George Mason University School of Law.
* http://bov.gmu.edu/fink.html -- Richard Fink of Centreville is
executive vice president and a member of the board of directors of
Koch Industries, Inc., in Washington, D.C. A member of George Mason's
economics faculty from 1980 to 1986, he was founder and director of
the Center for Market Processes (now part of the Mercatus Center). He
also served as executive vice president for advancement and planning
at George Mason in 1989-90. On the Board of Visitors, Fink is Vice
Chair of the Faculty and Academic Standards Committee and serves on
the Student Affairs Committee. Founder and former president of
Citizens for a Sound Economy in Washington, D.C., Fink is a trustee
and former president of the Charles G. Koch and Claude R. Lambe
charitable foundations, and serves on a number of boards, including
the George Mason University Foundation, the Progressive Policy
Institute, the Institute for Humane Studies, and George Mason's Center
for Study of Public Choice.
* http://www.mercat us.org/people.php/143.html?menuid=1 --
Mercatus Center at George Mason University, Richard Fink
* http://www.iwf.org/ab out_iwf/pfotenhauer.asp -- Independent
Women's Forum President, Nancy Mitchell Pfotenhauer joined IWF in 2001
from Koch Industries, where she was director of the Washington Office.
... holds a bachelor's degree in economics from the University of
Georgia and a Masters of Arts degree in economics from George Mason
University.
* http://tobaccodocu ments.org/pm/2025528294-8299.html -- (1991
estimated date) Candace Crandall Executive Vice President of the
Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP). SEPP will co-sponsor
a conference with George Mason University in May on scientific
integrity in the political process. Crandall has arranged for a number
of prominent scientists to be participants, including Dr. Bernard
Davis of Harvard University and Sir William Mitchell of Oxford
University. Crandall is Dr. Fred Singer's wife.
=============

===========================
S. Fred Singer -- Nightline
===========================

http://www.heatisonline.org/contentserver/objecthandlers/index.cfm?id=3207&method=full

Another highly visible skeptic, S. Fred Singer, acknowledged during a
1994 appearance on the television program Nightline that he had
received funding from Exxon, Shell, Unocal and ARCO. He did not deny
receiving funding on a number of occasions from the Rev. Sun Myung
Moon. Singer recent acknowledged that his institute, The Science and
Environment Policy Project (SEPP), is partially funded by Exxon.

Singer's defense is that his scientific position on global atmospheric
issues predates that funding and has not changed because of it.
=============

http://www.informationgenius.com/encyclopedia/s/se/sepp.html

Critics have noted its past ties with "cult leader" Rev. Moon,
implying that its positions are based on Moon's conservative political
ideology rather than science. They also point to SEPP's receipt of
funding from the fossil fuel industry, implying this funding taints
its independence.

SEPP received startup funding and a one-year donation of office space
from the Washington Institute for Values in Public Policy, a
now-defunct think tank affiliated with Moon's Unification Church.[1]
SEPP has subsequently dissociated itself from Moon's organization,
strengthening its links with the conservative Virginia-based George
Mason University. However, Singer remains a frequent columnist for the
Washington Times, a publication owned by the Unification Church.

In 1998, SEPP received a $10,000 donation from ExxonMobil [1].
According to the Clearinghouse for Environmental Education, Advocacy
and Research (CLEAR), a research project formerly affiliated with the
Environmental Working Group, Singer:

"has extensive ties to fossil fuels industries. On a Nightline
program in February, 1994, it was revealed that Singer has accepted
'consulting fees from Exxon, Shell, Arco, Unocal and Sun Oil.'
According to Ozone Action, an environmental organization, SEPP has
also received funding from Monsanto, Philip Morris, and Texaco. Singer
appeared as a witness during a 1995 Congressional ozone depletion
hearing, claiming to have published several peer-reviewed papers on
his theories about the huge ozone hole over the South Pole. When
Congressional staff checked his references, they found that Singer's
only published work on ozone depletion during the past 20 years had
been one letter to the editor of SCIENCE magazine, and two articles in
magazines that are not peer reviewed."[1]
=============

http://www.motherjones.com/news/feature/1997/12/gw_chart.html

Fred Singer A former University of Virginia professor and former chief
scientist for the U.S. Department of Transportation, Dr. S. Fred
Singer is one of a half-dozen preeminent doubters of ozone depletion
and global warming science. Singer claims science skeptics like him
are being silenced by a conspiracy of feds, enviros, and liberal
journalists. Today he heads the Science and Environmental Policy
Project, advises several corporate-funded science mills, and rails
against global warming science. For this he's amply rewarded: In 1994
Nightline revealed that Singer has accepted consulting fees from
Exxon, Shell, Arco, Unocal, and Sun Oil.
Staff Member of:
Science and Environmental Policy Project, Director
Board Member of:
American Council on Science and Health, Board of Scientific and Policy
Advisors
The Advancement of Sound Science Coalition, Scientist Advisor
Cato Institute, Editorial Advisory Board
Environmental Conservation Organization (ECO), Board of Advisors
National Policy Forum, Member of Environment Committee
Science and Environmental Policy Project, Board of Directors
=============

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Science%20and%20Environmental%20Policy%20Project

Critics have noted its past ties with "cult leader" Rev. Moon The
Reverend Sun Myung Moon, implying that its positions are based on
Moon's conservative political ideology rather than science. They also
point to SEPP's receipt of funding from the fossil fuel industry,
implying this funding taints its independence.

SEPP received startup funding and a one-year donation of office space
from the Washington Institute for Values in Public Policy, a
now-defunct think tank affiliated with Moon's Unification Church
.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/cult/unification/image.htm
SEPP has subsequently dissociated itself from Moon's organization,
strengthening its links with the conservative Virginia-based George

Mason University. However, Singer remains a frequent columnist for the
Washington Times, a publication owned by the Unification Church.

In 1998, SEPP received a $10,000 donation from ExxonMobil
http://web.archive.org/web/20011031010631/www.exxonmobil.com/contributions/public_info.html.
According to the Clearinghouse for Environmental Education, Advocacy
and Research (CLEAR), a research project formerly affiliated with the
Environmental Working Group, Singer: "has extensive ties to fossil
fuels industries. On a Nightline program in February, 1994, it was
revealed that Singer has accepted 'consulting fees from Exxon, Shell,
Arco, Unocal and Sun Oil.' According to Ozone Action, an environmental
organization, SEPP has also received funding from Monsanto, Philip
Morris, and Texaco. Singer appeared as a witness during a 1995
Congressional ozone depletion hearing, claiming to have published
several peer-reviewed papers on his theories about the huge ozone hole
over the South Pole. When Congressional staff checked his references,
they found that Singer's only published work on ozone depletion during
the past 20 years had been one letter to the editor of SCIENCE
magazine, and two articles in magazines that are not peer reviewed.
"http://www.ewg.org/pub/home/clear/view/CV_Vol4_No16.html
=============

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/SEPP

SEPP's views are either self-published or appear in the mainstream
press rather than in peer-reviewed scientific journals. As a result,
scientists who publish in the peer-reviewed literature have had little
comment about SEPP's claims.

Critics have noted its past ties with "cult leader" Rev. Moon The
Reverend Sun Myung Moon, implying that its positions are based on
Moon's conservative political ideology rather than science. They also
point to SEPP's receipt of funding from the fossil fuel industry,
implying this funding taints its independence.

SEPP received startup funding and a one-year donation of office space
from the Washington Institute for Values in Public Policy, a
now-defunct think tank affiliated with Moon's Unification Church
.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/cult/unification/image.htm
SEPP has subsequently dissociated itself from Moon's organization,
strengthening its links with the conservative Virginia-based George
Mason University. However, Singer remains a frequent columnist for the
Washington Times, a publication owned by the Unification Church.

In 1998, SEPP received a $10,000 donation from ExxonMobil
http://web.archive.org/web/20011031010631/www.exxonmobil.com/contributions/public_info.html.
According to the Clearinghouse for Environmental Education, Advocacy
and Research (CLEAR), a research project formerly affiliated with the
Environmental Working Group, Singer: "has extensive ties to fossil
fuels industries. On a Nightline program in February, 1994, it was
revealed that Singer has accepted 'consulting fees from Exxon, Shell,
Arco, Unocal and Sun Oil.' According to Ozone Action, an environmental
organization, SEPP has also received funding from Monsanto, Philip
Morris, and Texaco. Singer appeared as a witness during a 1995
Congressional ozone depletion hearing, claiming to have published
several peer-reviewed papers on his theories about the huge ozone hole
over the South Pole. When Congressional staff checked his references,
they found that Singer's only published work on ozone depletion during
the past 20 years had been one letter to the editor of SCIENCE
magazine, and two articles in magazines that are not peer reviewed.
"http://www.ewg.org/pub/home/clear/view/CV_Vol4_No16.html
=============

http://squawk.ca/lbo-talk/0012/0668.html

Among the skeptics, Dr. S. Fred Singer stands out for being
consistently
forthcoming about his funding by large oil interests. On a 1994
appearance
on the television program Nightline, Singer did not deny having
received
funding from the Reverend Sun Myung Moon (to whose newspaper, The
Washington
Times, he is a regular contributor and whose organization has
published
three of his books). Nor has he apologized for his funding from Exxon,
Shell, ARCO, Unocal, and Sun Oil. Singer's defense is that his
scientific
position on global atmospheric issues predates that funding and has
not
changed because of it.
=============

http://implants.clic.net/tony/Article/016.html

Science and Environmental Policy Project

The Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP), run by former
University of Virginia professor Dr. S. Fred Singer, has extensive
ties to fossil fuels industries. On a Nightline program in February,
1994, it was revealed that Singer has accepted "consulting fees from
Exxon, Shell, Arco, Unocal and Sun Oil." According to Ozone Action, an
environmental organization, SEPP has also received funding from
Monsanto, Philip Morris, and Texaco. Singer appeared as a witness
during a 1995 Congressional ozone depletion hearing, claiming to have
published several peer-reviewed papers on his theories about the huge
ozone hole over the South Pole. When Congressional staff checked his
references, they found that Singer's only published work on ozone
depletion during the past 20 years had been one letter to the editor
of SCIENCE magazine, and two articles in magazines that are not peer
reviewed. Singer is a regular columnist in the Washington Times, a
publication owned by the Reverend Sun Myung Moon's far right
Unification Church, where he has written many articles on climate
change issues. In fact, Rush Limbaugh claims to get his information
about the ozone depletion from sources that have been traced back to
Singer (Rachel's Environment & Health Weekly, #522, November 28,
1996).
=============

http://www.stopesso.com/pdf/exxon_denial.pdf

1992:
Exxon was a prominent member of the Global Climate Coalition (GCC),
which until early 2002 was the most outspoken and confrontational
lobby group battling global commitments to emissions reductions. (See
information about front groups in part III) In 1992 the GCC began
using well-known climate skeptics like Patrick Michaels, Robert
Balling and Fred Singer (all partly funded by Exxon) as "experts" at
press conferences in its attempts to undermine the credibility of
accepted climate science and the findings of the IPCC.7

In February at a press conference in New York City, the GCC used
professional skeptic Fred Singer to attack the IPCC science during the
fifth session of negotiations (INC 5). The GCC also issued a briefing
entitled "Stabilizing carbon dioxide emissions would have little
environmental benefit," in which it cited climate skeptic Professor
Richard Lindzen of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.8

That same year, Flannery was quoted by the World Coal Institute in a
briefing for climate negotiators: "because model-based projections are
controversial, uncertain, and without confirmation, scientists are
divided in their opinion about the likelihood and consequences of
climate change."9 Flannery ignored the fact that more than 2,000
scientists in the IPCC believed that the Earth would warm at rates
that were unprecedented over the period of human history.

ExxonMobil - Funding the Skeptics
One of the most high profile skeptics in the climate change debate, S.
Fred Singer, has recently denied receiving any oil company money, and
claimed that his consulting for oil companies was solely "on the
subject of oil pricing, some 20 years ago."59 Yet Exxon's own
documents60 show that in 1998, the company gave a grant of $10,000 to
the Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP), of which Singer
is the founding president, and another $65,000 to the Atlas Economic
Research Foundation, which promotes and supports Singer's work.61 In
addition, in the past Singer has acknowledged receiving funding from
Exxon.62

According to the Wall Street Journal63, ExxonMobil also funds the
ultra-conservative and anti-environmentalist Frontiers of Freedom
Institute, of which Singer is a staff member. Frontiers of Freedom was
cited in the American Petroleum Institute (API) 1998 Global Science
Communications Action Plan as a possible organization to help
operationalize their anti- Kyoto strategy, to be funded by API and
others in the fossil fuel industry.64

Singer has a history of public attacks on the integrity of the IPCC
process.65 He has fabricated quotes from the former chair of the IPCC,
Dr. Bert Bolin, in an attempt to suggest that Dr. Bolin had changed
his mind about climate change.66 Singer was also the mastermind behind
a Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT) project that took
fifty Republican students from the United States, trained in the
skeptics' arguments, to the climate negotiations in Bonn in 2001, to
demonstrate in favor of Bush's abandonment of the Kyoto Protocol.67
CFACT was also listed in the 1998 API plan mentioned above.
=============
 

They want you to NOT see THIS!

 
SANET-MG Archives -- June 2004 (

--- Dale Wilson wrote:
> Hello Douglas,


> As an aside, I am interested in how you judge whether or not actions
> are "natural" or "unnatural" and why that (supposed) dichotomy has such
> a large ethical content.
>
> The idea of immutable, essential "species" (not only in the biological
> realm) comes from Plato. Do you think there is a biological basis for
> "species"?
>
> Dale

The "ethical" quandry in Genetic Engineering is the violation of three essential
principles of an open democratic society, and the violation of one principle of nature.

These are, respectively:
(1) Full disclosure of biases so that people can judge the probable amounts of
self-deception and probable intentional deceptiveness that accompanies large
temptations of money,
(2) Full informed consent, so that people take risks having unrestricted access to all
the potential outcomes of choosing or refusing any subset of choices or alternatives,
and,
(3) Freedom to decline to become a participant in experiments.

The Fourth principle is a principle of Nature, the PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE, which
states an eye-for-an-eye, a life-for-a-life. Under the precautionary principle YOU may
gamble with YOUR LIFE, but you will be executed for sociopathic behaviors if YOU gamble
with the lives of OTHERS in violation of any combination of one or more of the above
principles.

To make it clearer on a personal level, Dale Wilson will be strapped down on a gurney,
an IV needle will be inserted into a vein, and a toxic chemical composing a lethal
injection will be forced under pressure through that assembly to terminate the life of
Dale Wilson if it is demonstrated in a court of law that Dale Wilson participated in
any concerted action with others which was the proximate cause of their death.

So Dale Wilson has:
(A) a motivation to investigate the dangers of adulterants in the food supply,
(B) has motivation to investigate the non-corruptedness of the regulatory process which
allows such adulterants into the food supply, and
(C) has motivation to insure that Dale Wilson's public statements do not mislead others
into their peril.

The reason Dale Wilson is equipped with these motivations is an artifact of nature,
that the universe has intelligent direction, that humans evolved in a context, that
society has formed punishments for wickedness. These are forces of nature which cannot
be denied or refuted. It mattes not whether Dale Wison was a corrupt person employed by
Monsanto, loaned to the FDA to oversee Monsanto approvals, or that Dale Wison was only
the getaway driver sowing confusion and deceptive arguments on the internet. His
specific role is irrelevent to the PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE that he gambled with others
lives and forfeits his when the gamble fails.

In order to understand the workings of the PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE, an object lesson is
now before the global public. S. Fred Singer has been chosen as a demonstration of the
execution of an individual for complicity in mass murder and corporate serial murder.

So that there is nothing "sexy" about deceptions in science, or using science as a
vehicle in driving the getaway car for murderers, the unfolding fate of S. Fred Singer
is being publically documented on all channels of communications. As you read this, S.
Fred Singer's sordid history is leaking out on all channels of communications, and
hourly one can watch his story rise in the GOOGLE results list as more persons
worldwide post excerps of his life story, and his fall.

My contributions to this effort are located on my weblog and my website,
http://p4p/blogspot.com
http://www.ecosyn.us/adti/ADTI_Frauds_01.html

If the very-well-connected S. Fred Singer is unable to avert the path to his gurney,
what chance does Dale Wilson have to avert his destiny with a similar gurney?

Responsibility is not an "optional behavior" in society -- it is mandatory, with severe
punishment for violations. Violators will not be mourned nor missed.

=====

 
Google Search: "S. Fred Singer"

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